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Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites among School Children in a Rural Community of Anambra State, Nigeria

American Academic & Scholarly Research Journal

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Title Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites among School Children in a Rural Community of Anambra State, Nigeria
Creator C. Igbodika, Maryjude
O. Ekesiobi, Anthony
I. Emmy-Egbe, Ifeyinwa
Description A study was conducted to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites among school children in Awka-Etiti, Anambra state, Nigeria between July and October 2012. Five hundred faecal samples were examined using direct faecal smear and concentration technique. Factors that predispose children to parasitic infection were investigated using oral interview, direct observation of the environment and structured questionnaire. Three hundred and sixty children, (72%) were infected including 149(29.80%) males, and 211(42.20%) females. Ascaris lumbricoides was the most prevalent helminth parasite, 133(26.60%) and Entamoeba histolytica, 105(21.0%) the most prevalent protozoan parasite identified. Prevalence of infection was significantly higher in the age group 9 – 11 years than in other age groups (P<0.05). Ogwugwudiani community school was the most affected and the difference in the rate of infection the schools was significant (P<0.05). Children whose parents are farmers were significantly more infected (88.0%) than other children (P<0.05).  There was no significant difference in the prevalence of infection between the sexes (P>0.05). The high prevalence of infection could be attributed to the poor sanitary status and poor personal hygiene of the children. Therefore, improvement in these factors through basic health education and de-worming at intervals  is highly recommended.
Publisher American Academic & Scholarly Research Center
Date 2014-07-31
Format application/pdf
Source American Academic & Scholarly Research Journal; July 2014, Volume 6, Number 4 - Special Issue
Language en
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